What is Infertility?

Infertility is a disease of the male or female reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility affects millions of people of reproductive age worldwide – and has an impact on their families and communities.

Infertility signifies a couple isn’t able to become pregnant after 1 year of having routine, unguarded sex. Infertility can harm both women and men. A woman is deemed infertile if she has tried for 1 year to get pregnant and hasn’t used birth control. A man is considered infertile if he has too few sperm or his sperm are too weak to combine with a woman’s egg. Many couples don’t have difficulty becoming pregnant. Unfortunately, some factors can make it troublesome.

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Symptoms of infertility

The main indication or symptoms of infertility is not being able to get pregnant. Sometimes women can have concerns relating to their periods such as pain or abnormal bleeding. Some men can have difficulties with erectile dysfunction. However, most couples will have no other symptoms other than not getting pregnant.

What causes infertility?

Getting pregnant is complex. Many things have to go right for both the man and the woman. Therefore, there are many causes of infertility that make it complicated to get pregnant.

Health issues related to infertility

Women can have the following health issues related to infertility

  • In some women, no egg is released from the ovaries
  • Due to blocked fallopian tubes, entry of sperm is restricted.
  • The quality of eggs is poor
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids

Male infertility problems can be due to the following reasons

  • Sperm count is low
  • Having poor sperm motility
  • Abnormality in sperm formation
  • too much use of alcohol, tobacco, and other addiction